Spots, blotches and wrinkles are just some of the effects of sun damage on your skin, but can also present as dark patches of skin on your face and arm. Sun damage happens when your skin is exposed to UV rays without any protection, resulting in the cells dying and the skin becomes dry and flaky. The sun’s rays also damage your skin’s elastin – the fibres that make your skin stay smooth and healthy.
Here are some of the effects of sun damage you could experience:
- If you have scaly, rough patches of skin or raised bumps, then you could have Actinic Keratosis, which usually shows up along your face, scalp, ears, neck and hands. They can present as a dark tan that is red or pink in colour that disappears and reappears, depending on sun exposure.
- A variant of Actinic Keratosis is Actinic Cheilitis and only appears on lips as a white scaly spot. It’s always best to go to your doctor or dermatologist if you have this form of sun damage.
- Age spots are like extra-large freckles and get darker the more they are exposed to UV rays.
- Atypical moles are very common and nothing to worry about. However, as soon as the mole starts to itch or bleed, you must go to your doctor right away.
- If you blush and notice red blotches or bumps on your face when you do, then you may have rosacea, a form of sun damage where the UV rays have damaged the small blood vessels under the skin.
- Wrinkles can also form due to sun damage, especially if you spend a lot of time in the sun without sunscreen or other forms of protection.
Luckily there are medical procedures and laser treatments to help repair your skin, and there are home cosmetic remedies that may help correct sun damage.
- Serums and lotions are great for dark sunspots and dull skin. Make sure you use lotions that contain glycerine, as this rehydrates the skin by drawing the moisture into the skin’s layers.
- Exfoliating helps to remove the layers of dead cells that build up as a result of over-exposure to the sun. Gently exfoliate your skin with a soft loofah and a mild cleanser to make your skin smooth again, and remember to moisturise afterwards to restore moisture to your skin.
Prevention will always be better than the cure. To prevent sun damage you should always use a good quality sunscreen with SPF 40 or higher whenever you go into the sun.
Wearing sunscreen should become part of your daily routine, and should be applied to any exposed skin before you step out the house. You should also try to stay out of direct sunlight during its peak hours of 12 pm to 4 pm.
If you need any information regarding treatments for sun-damaged skin, please don’t hesitate to contact us.
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